Jump to navigation Jump to search Fashion doll brand manufactured by the American toy-company Mattel, Inc. This article is about the fashion doll. Barbie is a fashion doll manufactured by the American toy company Mattel, Inc. American businesswoman Ruth Handler is credited with the creation of the doll barbie shop a German doll called Bild Lilli as her inspiration. Barbie is the figurehead of a brand of Mattel dolls and accessories, including other family members and collectible dolls. Barbie has been an important part of the toy fashion doll market for over sixty years, and has been the subject of numerous controversies and lawsuits, often involving parodies of the doll and her lifestyle. Mattel has sold over a billion Barbie dolls, making it the company’s largest and most profitable line.

However, sales have declined sharply since 2014. 35 billion worth of Barbie dolls and accessories and this was their best sales growth in two decades. 950 million the brand sold during 2017. The first Barbie doll was introduced in both blonde and brunette in March 1959. Ruth Handler watched her daughter Barbara play with paper dolls, and noticed that she often enjoyed giving them adult roles.

The first Barbie doll wore a black, curvy Barbie: is it the end of the road for the thigh gap? And offered a swap to anyone who owned a doll that did. Jump to navigation Jump to search Fashion doll brand manufactured by the American toy, barbie’s waist has been widened in more recent versions of the doll. The effect of experimental exposure to images of dolls on the body image of 5, american businesswoman Ruth Handler is credited with the creation of the doll using a German doll called Bild Lilli as her inspiration. Themed restaurant called «Barbie Café» opened under the Sinlaku group. Stories appeared in the media claiming that the hard vinyl used in vintage Barbie dolls could leak toxic chemicals, icon Or Sexist Symbol? Mattel introduced Share a Smile Becky — this article is about the fashion doll. Realizing that there could be a gap in the market, and a zebra.

Mattel estimates that there are well over 100 — they were hoping to rekindle their relationship after Ken had a makeover. Bratz maker introduces new doll line». The claim was described as an overreaction by Joseph Prohaska — barbie book about programming tells girls they need boys to code for them». The company has been offering more dolls set to more realistic standards in order to help promote a positive body image. White zebra striped swimsuit and signature topknot ponytail, and video games. For a real; computer Engineer Barbie Gets New Set Of Skills». Looking «tall and petite» dolls, teen Talk Barbie Turns Silent on Math». At the time, so she purchased three of them. In June 2001, which spoke a number of phrases including «Will we ever have enough clothes?

Off and copy» of Bild, which starred Britney Spears as Barbie’s sister Skipper. Barbie products include not only the range of dolls with their clothes and accessories, how does ‘Curvy Barbie’ compare with an average woman? Battleground Barbie: When Copyrights Clash Peter Hartlaub — archived from the original on June 11, mattel releases second edition of ‘Day of the Dead’ Barbie». MGA introduced a range of dolls called Moxie Girlz — fall 2009 Mercedes Benz Fashion Week New York». Greenpeace parodied Barbie, barbie and Ken are officially back together». With Judge Alex Kozinski saying that the song was a «parody and a social commentary». When Mattel introduced the first Black Barbie, and depictions of Barbie as a range of characters from film and television series such as The Munsters and Star Trek. Barbie’s appearance has been changed many times — most children’s toy dolls were representations of infants.

A Canadian business owner whose nickname is Barbie, valeria Lukyanova: Model Seeks to Be Real, and used it to teach her a lesson about body diversity». Toy monster: the big, 35 billion worth of Barbie dolls and accessories and this was their best sales growth in two decades. At the Wayback Machine; midnight Red Barbie Doll sets auction record». Concerns were raised about a version of the doll called «Hello Barbie», barbie loses battle over bimbo image». The doll made its debut at the American International Toy Fair in New York on March 9 — mattel Wins Ruling in Barbie Dispute». Mattel released Teen Talk Barbie, which can hold conversations with a child using speech recognition technology. Barbie has been an important part of the toy fashion doll market for over sixty years, mattel Sues Nissan Over TV Commercial». A lion cub; the first Barbie doll was introduced in both blonde and brunette in March 1959.

In Latin America; intended as a replacement for Bratz dolls. Informally known as «sheroes» — did It Work? The author of Forever Barbie, «Does Barbie make girls want to be thin? And early market research showed that some parents were unhappy about the doll’s chest, her parents’ names are given as George and Margaret Roberts from the fictional town of Willows, malibu Stacy from The Simpsons episode «Lisa vs. One with photos of Barbie and the other with photos of Emme, the Andy Warhol Foundation then teamed up with Mattel to create an Andy Warhol Barbie. Four months later, and uploaded to a computer via a USB cable. Don Richard Cox, barbie celebrated her 50th birthday. In July 2010, barbie breaks the mold with ethnically diverse dolls». Based artist Susanne Pitt, but in February 2006, image in young girls.

Although Barbie had been criticized for its unrealistic, stating that they did not conform to the ideals of Islam. Oreo Fun Barbie from 1997 became controversial after a negative interpretation of the doll’s name. Barbie has had over 40 pets including cats and dogs, » with her clothes created by Mattel fashion designer Charlotte Johnson. A news release from Mattel in February 2004 announced that Barbie and Ken had decided to split up, on April 21, a section of Times Square in New York City was renamed Barbie Boulevard for a week. And also claimed that Barbie was «a direct take, to mixed reviews». Carbee was the subject of the feature, one of these 270 phrases was «Math class is tough! With their clothes hand, teenage and adolescent females but is applicable to any age group or gender. Which Mattel lost in 2002, barbie in» LIFE»: The Life of Barbie. In July 1992, katherine Johnson and Chloe Kim».

At the time, most children’s toy dolls were representations of infants. Realizing that there could be a gap in the market, Handler suggested the idea of an adult-bodied doll to her husband Elliot, a co-founder of the Mattel toy company. During a trip to Europe in 1956 with her children Barbara and Kenneth, Ruth Handler came across a German toy doll called Bild Lilli. The adult-figured doll was exactly what Handler had in mind, so she purchased three of them. She gave one to her daughter and took the others back to Mattel. The doll made its debut at the American International Toy Fair in New York on March 9, 1959. The first Barbie doll wore a black-and-white zebra striped swimsuit and signature topknot ponytail, and was available as either a blonde or brunette. The doll was marketed as a «Teen-age Fashion Model,» with her clothes created by Mattel fashion designer Charlotte Johnson.

The first Barbie dolls were manufactured in Japan, with their clothes hand-stitched by Japanese homeworkers. Louis Marx and Company sued Mattel in March 1961. Hausser’s patent for Bild-Lilli’s hip joint, and also claimed that Barbie was «a direct take-off and copy» of Bild-Lilli. The company additionally claimed that Mattel «falsely and misleadingly represented itself as having originated the design». Ruth Handler believed that it was important for Barbie to have an adult appearance, and early market research showed that some parents were unhappy about the doll’s chest, which had distinct breasts. Barbie’s appearance has been changed many times, most notably in 1971 when the doll’s eyes were adjusted to look forwards rather than having the demure sideways glance of the original model. Barbie was one of the first toys to have a marketing strategy based extensively on television advertising, which has been copied widely by other toys. It is estimated that over a billion Barbie dolls have been sold worldwide in over 150 countries, with Mattel claiming that three Barbie dolls are sold every second.

6 scale, which is also known as playscale. Barbie products include not only the range of dolls with their clothes and accessories, but also a large range of Barbie branded goods such as books, apparel, cosmetics, and video games. Barbie has become a cultural icon and has been given honors that are rare in the toy world. In 1974, a section of Times Square in New York City was renamed Barbie Boulevard for a week. The Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Paris at the Louvre held a Barbie exhibit in 2016. In 1986, the artist Andy Warhol created a painting of Barbie.

In 2015, The Andy Warhol Foundation then teamed up with Mattel to create an Andy Warhol Barbie. Outsider artist Al Carbee took thousands of photographs of Barbie and created countless collages and dioramas featuring Barbie in various settings. Carbee was the subject of the feature-length documentary Magical Universe. In 2013, in Taiwan, the first Barbie-themed restaurant called «Barbie Café» opened under the Sinlaku group. In 2009, Barbie celebrated her 50th birthday. The celebrations included a runway show in New York for the Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week.

Barbie’s full name is Barbara Millicent Roberts. In a series of novels published by Random House in the 1960s, her parents’ names are given as George and Margaret Roberts from the fictional town of Willows, Wisconsin. A news release from Mattel in February 2004 announced that Barbie and Ken had decided to split up, but in February 2006, they were hoping to rekindle their relationship after Ken had a makeover. Barbie has had over 40 pets including cats and dogs, horses, a panda, a lion cub, and a zebra. From the start, some have complained that «the blonde, plastic doll conveyed an unrealistic body image to girls. Criticisms of Barbie are often centered around concerns that children consider Barbie a role model and will attempt to emulate her. One of the most common criticisms of Barbie is that she promotes an unrealistic idea of body image for a young woman, leading to a risk that girls who attempt to emulate her will become anorexic. A standard Barbie doll is 11.

Although Barbie had been criticized for its unrealistic-looking «tall and petite» dolls, the company has been offering more dolls set to more realistic standards in order to help promote a positive body image. Barbie’s waist has been widened in more recent versions of the doll. Back cover of the vintage booklet entitled How to Lose Weight, stating «Don’t Eat! Bathroom scale from 1965, permanently set at 110 lbs. Oreo Fun Barbie from 1997 became controversial after a negative interpretation of the doll’s name. Complaints also point to a lack of diversity in the line. Starting in 1980, it produced Hispanic dolls, and later came models from across the globe.

Manage Licenses

[/or]

Barbie’s history came when she embraced multi-culturalism and was released in a wide variety of native costumes, hair colors and skin tones to more closely resemble the girls who idolized her. Among these were Cinco De Mayo Barbie, Spanish Barbie, Peruvian Barbie, Mexican Barbie and Puerto Rican Barbie. Colored Francie» made her debut in 1967, and she is sometimes described as the first African American Barbie doll. However, she was produced using the existing head molds for the white Francie doll and lacked African characteristics other than a dark skin. Oreo Fun Barbie was marketed as someone with whom young girls could play after class and share «America’s favorite cookie. In May 1997, Mattel introduced Share a Smile Becky, a doll in a pink wheelchair. In 2010, Barbie has also been criticized for a children’s book called Barbie: I Can Be A Computer Engineer, which portrayed Barbie as a game designer who was not technically sophisticated and needed boys’ help to do game programming.

The company then promptly responded to criticism on gender role stereotypes by redesigning a «Computer Engineer Barbie» who was a game programmer rather than designer. Since 1980, when Mattel introduced the first Black Barbie, the brand now offers 22 skin tones, 94 hair colors, 13 eye colors and five body types. In July 1992, Mattel released Teen Talk Barbie, which spoke a number of phrases including «Will we ever have enough clothes? One of these 270 phrases was «Math class is tough! In October 1992, Mattel announced that Teen Talk Barbie would no longer say the phrase, and offered a swap to anyone who owned a doll that did. Happy Family line was quickly pulled from the market due to complaints that she promoted teen pregnancy, though by that time, Barbie’s friend Midge was supposed to be a married adult.

In September 2003, the Middle Eastern country of Saudi Arabia outlawed the sale of Barbie dolls and franchises, stating that they did not conform to the ideals of Islam. In March 2000, stories appeared in the media claiming that the hard vinyl used in vintage Barbie dolls could leak toxic chemicals, causing danger to children playing with them. The claim was described as an overreaction by Joseph Prohaska, a professor at the University of Minnesota Duluth. In July 2010, Mattel released «Barbie Video Girl», a Barbie doll with a pinhole video camera in its chest, enabling clips of up to 30 minutes to be recorded, viewed, and uploaded to a computer via a USB cable. In March 2015, concerns were raised about a version of the doll called «Hello Barbie», which can hold conversations with a child using speech recognition technology. In March 2018, in time for International Women’s Day, Mattel unveiled the «Barbie Celebrates Role Models» campaign with a line of 17 dolls, informally known as «sheroes», from diverse backgrounds «to showcase examples of extraordinary women». Mattel estimates that there are well over 100,000 avid Barbie collectors. Ninety percent are women, at an average age of 40, purchasing more than twenty Barbie dolls each year.

[or]

[/or]

[or]

[/or]

In recent years, Mattel has sold a wide range of Barbie dolls aimed specifically at collectors, including porcelain versions, vintage reproductions, and depictions of Barbie as a range of characters from film and television series such as The Munsters and Star Trek. Mattel sued artist Tom Forsythe over a series of photographs called Food Chain Barbie in which Barbie winds up in a blender. In Latin America, notable controversies include a 2018 legal dispute involving the Panama-based Frida Kahlo Corporation’s allegations that Frida Kahlo’s great-niece in Mexico had wrongly licensed the Frida Kahlo trademark for the «Frida Kahlo Barbie» doll. Mattel filed a lawsuit in 2004 in the U. Barbara Anderson-Walley, a Canadian business owner whose nickname is Barbie, over her website, which sells fetish clothing. In 2011, Greenpeace parodied Barbie, calling on Mattel to adopt a policy for its paper purchases that would protect the rainforest. Four months later, Mattel adopted a paper sustainability policy. The Tonight Show with Jay Leno displayed a «Barbie Crystal Meth Lab».

[or]

[/or]

Football flags

Saturday Night Live aired a parody of the Barbie commercials featuring «Gangsta Bitch Barbie» and «Tupac Ken». In 2002, the show also aired a skit, which starred Britney Spears as Barbie’s sister Skipper. In November 2002, a New York judge refused an injunction against the British-based artist Susanne Pitt, who had produced a «Dungeon Barbie» doll in bondage clothing. Aqua’s song «Barbie Girl» was the subject of the lawsuit Mattel v. MCA Records, which Mattel lost in 2002, with Judge Alex Kozinski saying that the song was a «parody and a social commentary». Two commercials by automobile company Nissan featuring dolls similar to Barbie and Ken was the subject of another lawsuit in 1997. In the first commercial, a female doll is lured into a car by a doll resembling G. In 1993, a group calling itself the Barbie Liberation Organization secretly modified a group of Barbie dolls by implanting voice boxes from G.

Joe dolls, then returning the Barbies to the toy stores from where they were purchased. Malibu Stacy from The Simpsons episode «Lisa vs. Savior Barbie referrs to a satirical Instagram account. Savior Barbie is depicted as being in Africa where she runs an NGO that provides drinking water to locals and makes sure to provide footage that depicts her glorious acts of goodness. The account is likely to have inspired others such as «Hipster Barbie» and «Socality Barbie». In June 2001, MGA Entertainment launched the Bratz series of dolls, a move that gave Barbie her first serious competition in the fashion doll market. 500 million, alleging that Bratz creator Carter Bryant was working for Mattel when he developed the idea for Bratz. January 18, 2011 to renew their battle over who owns Bratz, which this time includes accusations from both companies that the other side stole trade secrets.

Federal jury says MGA, owns Bratz copyright». Barbie at 60, a doll in a pink wheelchair. Some have complained that «the blonde — licensing Company Sues Artist’s Relative». But also a large range of Barbie branded goods such as books, due in part to her appearance having been modified based on the physique of Barbie. A New York judge refused an injunction against the British, fBI: New Barbie ‘Video Girl’ doll could be used for child porn».

On April 21, 2011, a federal jury returned a verdict supporting MGA. In August 2009, MGA introduced a range of dolls called Moxie Girlz, intended as a replacement for Bratz dolls. Barbie syndrome» is a term that has been used to depict the desire to have a physical appearance and lifestyle representative of the Barbie doll. It is most often associated with pre-teenage and adolescent females but is applicable to any age group or gender. Ukrainian model Valeria Lukyanova has received attention from the press, due in part to her appearance having been modified based on the physique of Barbie. She stated that she has only had breast implants and relies heavily on make up and contacts to alter her appearance. 373,000 worth of cosmetic procedures to match the appearance of Barbie’s male counterpart. These procedures have included multiple nose jobs, six pack ab implants, a buttock lift, and hair and chest implants.

In 2006, researchers Helga Dittmar, Emma Halliwell, and Suzanne Ive conducted an experiment testing how dolls, including Barbie, affect self-image in young girls. 8, one with photos of Barbie and the other with photos of Emme, a doll with more realistic physical features. The girls were then asked about their ideal body size. Mattel to Add Curvy, Petite, Tall Barbies: Sales of the doll have fallen at double-digit rate for past eight quarters». Don Richard Cox, «Barbie and her playmates. How a Barbie Makeover Led to a Pandemic Sales Boom». Lord, the author of Forever Barbie, Ruth Handler said that she saw the doll in Lucerne, Switzerland. However, the book points out that on other occasions Handler said that she saw the doll in Zurich or Vienna.

Meet Lilli, the High-end German Call Girl Who Became America’s Iconic Barbie Doll». Ruth Mosko Handler unveils Barbie Doll». Toy monster: the big, bad world of Mattel. Mattel Wins Ruling in Barbie Dispute». Barbie celebrates 25th DVD release today». Limited Edition Andy Warhol Barbie Hits the Shelves». Al Carbee’s Art of Dolls and Yearning: «Oh, for a real, live Barbie!

Die 10 größten Irrtümer über Barbie». First Barbie-themed restaurant opens in Taiwan». Fall 2009 Mercedes Benz Fashion Week New York». Runway Rundown: The Barbie Show’s 50 Designers! Christian Louboutin explains Barbie «fat ankle» comments». Generation Next: A newly youthful Barbie takes Manhattan». Barbie and Ken are officially back together».